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10 Things to Discuss With Your Doctor Before Starting Any Treatment

10 Things to Discuss With Your Doctor Before Starting Any Treatment

Deciding to undergo medical treatment is a significant decision, impacting not only one’s health but also one’s quality of life. While medical professionals hold expert knowledge, patients have the right to be informed and actively participate in their health choices.

Patients can gain clarity and confidence in their treatment path by asking important questions. Let’s discuss essential things you should discuss with your doctor before starting any treatment.

1.   Understanding the Diagnosis

When you face a health issue, the first step towards healing is understanding your diagnosis. Knowing what you’re dealing with, from its exact name to its stage and potential triggers, can guide your next steps.

For instance, there’s a significant difference between an early-stage illness and a more advanced one. Similarly, recognizing the causes can help you make lifestyle changes, if necessary.

Always remember: clarity about your diagnosis isn’t just for the doctors – it’s for you. This understanding will empower you to ask the right questions and make informed choices regarding your health.

2.   Prognosis and Recurrence of The Illness

Prognosis refers to the likely outcome or course of the disease – how it might affect someone and the potential outcome of the disease. Recurrence, on the other hand, signifies the return of a disease after a period of improvement or after it seems to have been cured.

Take mesothelioma as an example. Mesothelioma is a type of cancer primarily caused by asbestos exposure, typically affecting the lining of the lungs and abdomen. It’s often regarded as having a challenging prognosis.

However, remission is possible. Remission is when the signs and symptoms of the disease are no longer visible. It’s worth noting that while mesothelioma remission is uncommon, it’s not impossible.

It’s essential that patients are fully aware of all possible outcomes. Thus, when discussing treatment, your doctor should be candid about the prognosis, chances of recurrence, and the possibility of remission, no matter how rare.

3.   Potential Benefits and Risks

When you consider medical treatment, it’s vital to consider its advantages and potential downsides. On the one hand, benefits might include symptom relief, disease control, or even a complete cure. However, every treatment can come with its set of risks.

These risks could be immediate, like allergic reactions, or long-term, such as certain side effects that may arise over time. Your doctor should be transparent about these aspects, giving you a balanced overview.

4.   Possible Side Effects

Medical treatments are designed with a primary goal in mind: to help patients. Yet, sometimes, the body may react in unexpected ways, leading to side effects.

In the short term, one might experience nausea, headaches, or skin rashes after taking a medication or undergoing a procedure. These are usually temporary and may go away on their own or after discontinuing the treatment.

5.   Treatment Duration and Frequency

Understanding how long and how often you’ll be engaged in the treatment is important. For example, if you’re prescribed a course of antibiotics, you might need to take them twice a day for ten days. In contrast, someone undergoing physiotherapy for a knee injury might have appointments twice a week for six weeks.

For more intensive treatments, like chemotherapy for cancer, patients might receive it once every three weeks over several months. Knowing these details not only helps me mentally prepare for the journey ahead but also aids in organizing work, family commitments, and other life events.

6.   Alternative Treatment Options

Let’s consider diabetes, a common condition affecting many worldwide. While insulin injections and oral medications are standard treatments, there are also alternative methods like dietary changes or herbal supplements. Here’s why knowing these options is vital:

  • Medical Suitability: Not all treatments work the same way for everyone. Some people might experience side effects with a particular drug, making another method more effective for them.
  • Financial Considerations: Some treatments can be expensive. If you’re on a tight budget, alternative treatments might offer relief at a reduced cost.
  • Availability: There might be supply issues or regional unavailability for certain treatments. In such cases, knowing alternatives ensures you’re not left without options.

7.   Costs and Insurance Coverage

When a doctor suggests a treatment, ask about its cost. For example, for a surgical procedure, there could be fees for the surgeon, hospital stay, and even post-op care. But that’s not all. It’s equally vital to understand your insurance’s role in this.

Does your policy cover the suggested treatment? If yes, how much will they pay? And crucially, what portion of the bill will you be responsible for? Sometimes, insurance might cover the procedure but not the associated medications or physical therapy.

8.   Preparation for the Treatment

Entering a treatment phase isn’t always straightforward. There are often pre-treatment steps to adhere to to ensure the best outcomes.

For example, if you’re undergoing a blood test, you might need to fast for several hours to get accurate readings. Similarly, if surgery is on the horizon, your surgeon might advise stopping certain blood thinners a few days prior.

Another scenario could be if you’re scheduled for an MRI scan; you might be asked to avoid coffee or other stimulants the day before. Such preparations help optimize the results of the treatment and reduce potential complications.

9.   Aftercare and Recovery

Once a treatment or surgery concludes, the focus shifts to recovery. This phase can vary in length and requirements depending on the nature of the treatment. For instance, after gallstone removal, patients might be advised to avoid fatty foods to ease the digestion process.

On the other hand, someone recovering from knee surgery might need weeks of physical therapy to regain full mobility. Additionally, a person who’s had a dental procedure might be prescribed a set of antibiotics to prevent infections.

10.  Monitoring and Follow-up

Follow-ups allow doctors to assess how well your body has responded to the treatment. Take, for instance, a patient who has recently started a new medication for high blood pressure. They need regular appointments to check if the medication is keeping the pressure in the desired range or if there are any adverse side effects. Additionally, post-surgery patients require periodic visits to ensure proper healing and to check for infections.


Every step of medical treatment requires making informed decisions. From understanding your diagnosis to considering costs and insurance, each detail is crucial. Preparation and knowing potential side effects can aid in smoother recovery. Post-treatment, regular monitoring ensures everything stays on track. Stay proactive, ask questions, and prioritize your health through each phase.